The province has two main parts: Newfoundland, an island off the eastern coast, and Labrador, located on the mainland, northwest from the island. The two are separated by the Strait of Belle Isle.
In total, over 500,000 people live in the province, which has a total area of 405,212 square kilometres.
Climate varies between the two areas of the province. Newfoundland has a humid continental climate, while the North of Labrador has a polar tundra climate and the South a subarctic climate.
Service industries, health care and public administration are the three biggest contributors to the province’s gross domestic product, followed by mining, oil production and manufacturing